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SharePoint 2013 is a big Change from SharePoint’s earlier Versions. With the Introduction of new UI, new development model and a lot of Performance Improvement Capabilities, SharePoint 2013 is a huge hit among SharePoint Communities and Business.
To grab a job as an expert however can be Challenging. An ideal candidate is expected know a ton of new features and a good idea about where and when to use them. In this SharePoint 2013 Interview questions series we will look at Administrator,IT Pro and Development SharePoint 2013 Interview questions and answers that could help you get started. A huge collection though will be posted soon as an ebook.
Q1: What is new SharePoint 2013?
Ans: SharePoint 2013 is the next Version of Microsoft’s famous Collaboration and Document Management Software called SharePoint.This Version follows SharePoint 2010 that was released back in May 2010.SharePoint 2013 was released (as Preview and RTM versions) with some new & exciting features such as Real Time Social Feed,Shredded Storage,SharePoint Apps,Cross-site publishing,Out-of-Box PDF support,Minimal Download Strategy and lot more.See SharePoint 2013 Tutorial for Beginners to know more.
Q2: Why should a Company Migrate to SharePoint 2013?
Ans: Microsoft has added some Incredible features to SharePoint 2013 that can be of huge benefit to all the Companies that use SharePoint on a large scale. Most of the new Features are Introduced for Improving SharePoint Performance (for both Browser and SQL) and to enhance the famous Web Content Management Capabilities.There is an Improvement for all – end users, developers and IT administrators.Check out our free ebook on 101 New and Improved Features in SharePoint 2013.
Q3: What is the Licensing Model for SharePoint 2013?
Ans: With SharePoint 2013 Microsoft has Introduced User License Enforcement Capabilities – that means different licenses can be assigned to different users based on Active Directory security groups that are added in.A group of admins for example would need features that are offered by Enterprise license but a group end users on the other hand can work with Standard license and would not need to pay more.By default the User License Enforcement is disabled and must first be enabled to begin assigning, using, and implementing user licensing capabilities.For more details see Introducing the Dual License Model in SharePoint 2013.
Q4: How does SharePoint 2013 Improve Performance?
Ans: SharePoint 2013 Introduces Minimal Download Strategy and Distributed Cache Service to Improve Page Load; and Shredded Storage to Improve Storage required for saving files.
Q5: What is Minimal Download Strategy?
Ans: Minimal Download Strategy in SharePoint 2013 improves rendering performance when browsing content where large parts of the page do not change providing a more fluid navigation experience. For example when navigating between a site’s home page and Shared Documents page only the Content that has changed between the source and destination page (controls and placeholders in the content area) are downloaded and Url subsequently updated where the chrome is persisted. For more Info on Minimal Download Strategy see Introduction to Minimal Download Strategy in SharePoint 2013
Q6: What is Distributed Cache Service?
Ans:The Distributed Cache service provides caching features in SharePoint Server 2013. The microblog features and feeds rely on the Distributed Cache to store data for very fast retrieval across all entities. The Distributed Cache service is built on Windows Server AppFabric, which implements the AppFabric Caching service. Windows Server AppFabric installs with the prerequisites for SharePoint Server 2013.
Q6: What is Shredded Storage?
Ans: With Shredded Storage feature enabled, every document and the Changes made to the document, is stored in SQL as multiple “Shredded BLOBS“. Whenever a new Version of a document is Created, only the BLOBs of the document that Corresponds to the Change are saved as opposed to the entire document as a new version.This feature helps to lower down the amount of storage required for saving files.
Q6: How does Shredded Storage Work?
Ans: Every Document in SharePoint 2013 is now stored as multiple “shredded BLOBS” in the new “DocStreams” data table.Whenever a new Version of a document is created, a new Record is written in this data table that contains only the “Shred BLOB” of the original document that corresponds to the Change, merged with the new Changes.In other words a new Blob with Changes is added as a new row in the table.Each BLOB that gets added Contains a numerical Id that represents the source BLOB.At the end it is the job of BLOB Index to keep the track of Blobs and to create a full file with the Combination of entries that point to the unchanged shreds of the previous version(s) and the entries that point to the newly added Changed shreds.
Q7: What is the new Analytics Processing Component in SharePoint 2013
Ans: The Analytics Processing Component in SharePoint Server 2013 analyzes both the Content and the way users interact with it.The results from the analysis are added to the items in the search index to be used by Search Webparts,Recommendation Reports,Most Popular Items reports and other WebParts.
Q8: What analysis are done by Analytics Processing Component in SharePoint 2013
Ans: The Analytics Processing Component runs two main types of analyses: Search analytics and Usage analytics. Search analytics analyzes content in the search index, and usage analytics analyzes the user actions.
Q9: What are Device Channels in SharePoint 2013
Ans: With device channels in SharePoint 2013, you can render a single publishing site in multiple ways by using different designs that target different devices for example mobile devices etc.These device channels can each be given a different master page and CSS file to give users a more optimal viewing experience.For more Info see Plan device channels in SharePoint Server 2013
Q10: What is Device Channel Panel Control in SharePoint 2013
Ans: Device Channel Panel is a new control that you can include in a page layout to control what content is rendered in which channel. The Device Channel Panel is a container that is mapped to one or more channels.
Q11: How does Backward Compatibility works in SharePoint 2013
Ans: In SharePoint 2013 with the new “CompatabilityLevel” parameter of Install -SPSolution cmdlet you can now deploy your .wsp or Solution to either 14 hive or 15 hive or both. For more Info on CompatabilityLevel see SharePoint 2013 – Deploy solutions to 14 and 15 Hive with Install-SPSolution
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